austrian chicken breeds

They are classed as a heavy chicken breed, and were bred for their laying abilities and high quality fattening as meat birds. There are hundreds of chicken breeds in existence. The… Altsteirer chickens are a dual purpose breed and are a very ancient and rare breed found in Austria and Slovenia Styria region. They are also known as the Styrian as it was found in the Styrian region of Austria. This video is on the old breed of chicken known as the Sussex. 1-5 Ratings for eggs & broodiness. This is not a good breed to keep if you raise your chicks naturally with broody hens.Where to get Altsteirer and how much to pay for them:They are a rare and difficult to find bird, often only available locally. Willow to They are amazing egg layers and can also be raised for their meat. Formerly known as the common yellow bantam in 17th century Britain, this sprightly little bantam was often described by writers of the day and for the following three centuries as extinct or nearly so. duckwing, Broodiness is not a characteristic of this breed. The name ISA Brown is not actually a breed name, but a copyrighted brand name. This breed can be traced back to the 13th century, but may even be many times older, given that the region dates back 250,000 years. It originates in the Sulmtal, the valley of the Sulm river, in southern Styria, in the south-east of Austria, and takes its name from that valley. Low food consumption for egg production, Colours: Large variety including Golden Laced and Silver Laced, Dark Grey or Slate. Production: Austra Whites are excellent layers, and you can expect more than 250 eggs per year from each hen. Cackle Hatchery® offers a variety of Bantam chickens for sale February through August of each year. Making it difficult to fill orders during peak times compared to large hatcheries. Altsteirer Chicken The Altsteirer is an ancient breed of Chickens from Styria, a state in southeastern Austria. Feathers on the neck and on the tail are rich; the comb is straight. Blue Salmon The ISA Brown is a humble chook. Disclaimer: This information is from a variety of sources and we cannot guarantee accuracy. Ancona Chickens Andalusian Chickens. From shop DavesOffice. This cross produces offspring that are very good layers throughout … The complete list of chicken breeds from Ancona to Yokohama. Minimum order is 30. They are single combed and the comb on the hen is short and curved into an S-shaped , with a small crest behind it. This is a very hardy and active dual purpose breed. Our Austra Whites are a cross between Cackle Hatchery®â€™s pedigree Black Australorp rooster and Cackle Hatchery® White Leghorn hens (parent stock). The second runner-up in this list, they are the smallest chickens in the world, some of them only 15 cm tall. Under our copyright licence, if you use any of our material (no derivatives), you must provide attribution on the same page as where the image is displayed (clearly visible) together with a live link back to www.backyardpoultry.com. Sign up to be on our email list, Chicken hazards in the garden or backyard. Hens of this breed mature early, are lively, solid and are quite good layers. Reading Time: 4 minutes By Don Cable, California — Nankin bantams are wonderful chickens for those interested in the history of poultry keeping and especially bantam breeds. Eggs are white to tinted in colour. Bantams are popular for pets, for showing, for being good broody mother hens and great for small backyards where space is limited. Thank you to Andy Vardy, David Simons, Ray Mathiesen, David Geering, 'Salmon Faverolles' and others who have contributed images. Stunning blue mediterranean breed. Sulmtaler Chicken The Sulmtaler is a rare Chicken breed, which originated in the Sulmtal, the valley of the Sulm river, in Austria. Are Altsteirer good layers?Average by modern hybrid standards but good for rare breeds.How many eggs does a Altsteirer chicken lay?Altsteirer lay approximately 200 eggs in their first year and remain productive for around 5 years before egg numbers taper of considerably. Silver Grey All the other breeds you listed will probably be okay where temps might rise higher but I don't know how your climate conditions are for keeping Altsteirer.Colours: This breed exists in a number of colours that include white, cuckoo, partridge, and the most common, the black-breasted red.Broodiness: Hens tend to be non-sitters but they do occasionally go broody.Productivity: 180 to 200 eggs in first year.Availability: Rare breed, only available locally and from some breeders and hatcheries.Useful to Know: Very productive ancient crested breed. The Altsteirer is a hardy, medium-sized chicken with white earlobes, and whitish-yellow legs. Domesticated for thousands of years, distinguishable breeds of chicken have been present since the combined factors of geographical isolation and selection for desired characteristics created regional types with distinct physical and behavioral traits passed on to their offspring. They are a breed that was developed by Dunlap hatchery in the early 1900's. Diatomaceous earth and how to use it for chickens. There is only one US hatchery that stocks them as far as I know. Eggs are white to tinted in colour.Both sexes have a small crest and a single comb with a slight S curve in the comb of the hens. They are eyewateringly expensive, hatchery chicks are $30 each unsexed.You can try specialist Facebook groups and hunt down breeders. The hens lay a decent number of ivory coloured eggs.Egg colour: Ivory white to light tinted.Class: Large fowl.Temperament: Altsteirers are very active birds and prefer to be on the move, and get a good portion of their diet by free-ranging.Cold hardy: Because of their thick under fluff, they are best suited for cooler to snowy climates and dislike warm sunny locations. Buff, silver & golden What colour eggs does the Altsteirer lay?White, off white, light cream or Ivory coloured eggs. Note that there are also present below a few regional categories (not country) which do not have national, independent status. The Altsteirer is an ancient breed that can be traced back to at least the thirteenth century. They are hardy and… Chicken Breed Information - Appenzeller Spitzhauben - The Appenzeller Spitzhauben is the national breed of Switzerland, noted for its very unusual forward-pointing crest and v-shaped comb. Altsteirer or Styrian Chicken. White earlobes and other traits associated with Mediterranean breeds hint that this may be a foundational breed for many more modern breeds. Below: A close up of the heads showing the smaller fine combs. To contribute to this chart, please go to: Forum Topic They originate in Austria and are one of the oldest breeds in Europe, dating back to the 13th century. The Sulmtalers has a single comb, white earlobes, whitish-yellow legs, and a head crest. Here, among the forests and vineyards of this remote and fertile province the Sulmtaler grew to be renowned for its round, muscular body and the extraordinary quality of its meat. do you have one. They were first developed in the early 1900’s. It is characterized by its small crest, which is sticking upright behind its single comb. Chicken are primarily classified on the basis of two major parameters – place of origin and human utility. How much are marans and where to get them, Mycoplasma gallisepticum -MG- in chickens, Why chickens stop going into the coop at night, Myths and facts surrounding chickens and yoghurt, Can chickens eat Eggplant, Aubergine or Brinjal, Cold tolerance of young chickens and growers, Like my content? Austra White Chicken Breed Information: THE Austra Whites are a cross between Cackle Hatchery® ’s pedigree Black Australorp rooster and Cackle Hatchery® ’s White Leghorn hens (parent stock shown). This page was last modified on 25 October 2015, at 07:24. When you purchase through links on our site, I may earn an affiliate commission. Superficially and from a distance they can be mistaken for Welsummers and without the crest you would struggle to tell the difference.They feel heavier than they look when you pick one up.Breed images showing the different colours: Chicks in the brooder. Altsteirer chicks have a dark strip down their back. Austra White day-old baby chick. Olive or Slate The roosters are 2 to 4 inches taller than the hens and 0.5 Kg heavier than the hens.Where do Altsteirer come from?The Altsteirer or Styrian hen is a very ancient breed from the Styria region of Slovenia and Austria and records of its existence can be traced to the 13th Century but may be considerably older given that the region has been inhabited for thousands of years.It is believed that the Alsteirer is the foundation breed for other Mediterranean breeds and particularly the Sulmtaler, which bears a resemblance.Do Altsteirer need any special care?They are easy to care for and require no special care as such being a fully hardy chicken.How long do Altsteirer chickens live?6 to 9 years, the same as most rare breed chickens.How much space do Altsteirer need?Quite a lot, they are active birds and like to fly up and sit in trees and do not take well to confinement. By 1874, Andalusians had reached the United States and shortly after became a part of the American Standard of perfection, in the American Poultry Association. They are a medium sized, dual-purpose bird. Add to Favorites . White Blue Laying very well about 200 plus large sized eggs. In this post, you’ll learn everything that you need to know about Black Australorp Chickens. 'Eggs per year" is approximate and often seasonal. This page has been accessed 1,211,415 times. May be aggressive to other fowls, Colours: Black Red, Blue Red, Gold Duckwing + other Gamefowl colours, Colours: Dark Barred Blue Gold Pencilled Partridge, White, Black, Buff, Columbian, Silver Pencilled, Colours: White Crested Black, White Crested Blue + large number others, Colours: Golden Silver + Leghorn colours, Colours: Black Blue Blue-Partridge Gold Grey Partridge White, Colour: Light Brown Buff Coronation Red Silver Speckled White, Colours: Black White Cuckoo Buff Red Blue, Medium consumption. 7 ways to profit from chickens. white, others, Mottled for light varieties, others Dark Blue or Slate, Legs: Yellow, Reds tinged with reddish horn, Chicken Breeds Chart - list taken from Australian Poultry Standard 2nd ed - extra data from BYP forum, http://www.backyardpoultry.com/wiki/index.php?title=Chicken_Breeds_Chart&oldid=1055, Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported, Black Cuckoo Lavender Splash White OEG colours, Colours - Black Blue Buff Cuckoo Partridge Gold laced Gold creel Silver laced White, Colours: Black Blue Gold pencilled Gold spangled Silver pencilled Silver spangled White, Colours: Dark Jubilee Double Laced Blue White, Colours: Black Blue Blue/Red Brown Buff Cuckoo Golden DW Silver DW Exchequer Mottled Partridge Pyle White, Colours: Black Dark cuckoo Golden cuckoo Silver cuckoo Pekin colours, Sprightly Active Agile. Legs colours varied as APS2, Blue-Silver-Grey These birds are well-adapted to life in the mountains, are excellent climbers and love to roost in trees. REACH OUT TO ME ON TWITTER WITH THE LINK ABOVE. Underneath the black feathers is a layer of white skin. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chicken breeds by country of origin. They really need to be out and about as they are busy and active fowl. An ancient breed from the Styria in Austria. Laying very well about 200 plus large sized eggs. Breeds of roosters and smaller chickens, dwarfs, bantam, around the world. Below is some eggs in the incubator. Low chick feeders and chick waterers are essential. With four generations of experience selling poultry, we have the perfect Baby Bantam Chicken for you! The Sulmtaler is an Austrian breed of domestic chicken. The Sulmtaler chicken is an Austrian breed developed in the Sulm river valley south/southwest of Graz in southern Styria, in the south-east part of Austria and takes its name from that valley, Tal means valley in Austrian. They will need a tall coop and run with high perches and plenty of air space to stretch their wings if you intent to keep them inside.Are Altsteirer roosters aggressive?Any rooster can be aggressive but for the most part they are family friendly with no problems especially if kept free range.Are Altsteirer hens broody?No. Bresse Farms is a rare breed chicken hatchery located in Pontotoc, Ms. With 500 breeders onsite, we are a small farm compared to most. The prolific nature of the hens adds to it as a practical utility breed. They are the most tiny dwarf roosters on the planet, the so-called bantam. It is classified as a heavy, soft feathered English bird.It should have a very upright stance, carrying the tail high. The back slightly inclines towards the end of the body and it seems wide if looked from the u… The difference can be seen in their broad, well-rounded breast and in their sturdy shoulder. 5 … Cluckin.net is supported by its readers. Bantams are considered a miniature chicken and can be a third to a fifth the size compared to a standard chicken. The chest length, width and depth ratio is 8:5:3. : This category lists chicken breeds by country of origin. This lighter colored red chicken was later recognized as a distinct chicken breed in 1935 and is sometimes called a New Hampshire Red. However, these birds are well worth the wait. On the basis of human utility, there are four major categories under which chicken breeds are classified – egg laying, meat providing, both purposes (eggs as well as meat) and fighting/exhibition. Dark They are constantly alert and love to free range and fly. They are an excellent layer of off white eggs. Andalusian chickens are a breed that is native to the Spanish community of Andalusia, and was imported to England around 1850. Their meat is of good quality, the skin is white and eggs are of medium size. They are friendly, calm, and easy birds to raise. Barnvelders are named after the Dutch town of Barnveld. Mine never went broody in their first year and around 5% of hens go broody in years three to five. No breed video yet. The thick, soft, puffy layer of feathers allows this chicken breed to stay warm in cold climates. Three local chicken breeds exist in Austria today, all descended from the historic Styrian chicken: the old Styrian, the Cillier, and the Sulmtaler. Red The Sulmtaler is a rare and ancient chicken breed from the Styrian region of Austria. The American Poultry Association recognizes the Australorp in its’ original color only – black.However, The Australian Poultry Society recognizes the black, blue and white varieties.South Africa has also buff, splash, wheaten laced and golden in addition to the other colors.The Australorp is a large, heavy bird with close fitting, soft feathers. Black Ermine White, Salmon   Does Poultry keeping pay? Sulmtaler chickens are similar to the old Styrian, but are larger and heavier with a stockier build. Have a peck at our ultimate chicken breed list below to find out more! The Austra White is cross between a Black Australorp and White Leghorns. Please feel … Light or Yellow in some varieties. Some will be sourced from Backyard Poultry Forum members and friends. While the… Day Old Austra White Baby Chicks Hatching February to July. This is a hardy, broad-breasted medium-sized chicken. Expect a friendly breed, but not lap chickens. Simply select your choice of Bantam breeds. This breed is hardy, calm by nature, but alert and ever curious.Primary use: Eggs, dual purpose.Conservation status: Altsteirers are considered endangered.Size: Large fowl, 18 to 22 inches tall.Weight: Cocks weigh 2-3 kg, with hens reaching up to 2.5 kg.Origin: The Altsteirer is an ancient breed of Chickens from Styria, a state in south-eastern Austria.Eggs: 180-200 large white eggs per year. The Altsteirer or Styrian chicken breed profile The ancient Altsteirer hen is a very hardy bird. Bantams are very delicate to ship so it is highly important you give them immediate special attention on arrival. Sources: Some information is taken from the Australian Poultry Standard Edition 2, Published by the Victorian Poultry Fanciers Assoc. Additionally, they can also be … Black Australorp chickens are a great heritage breed of chickens. They are a heavier bird and a lot less flighty then a straight leghorn Originating in England in the 1800s, this black chicken breed has short, fluffy feathers that make the chickens look much large than they really are. As an Amazon affiliate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Buy freshly milled organic chicken feed shipped direct from the fields of the midwest. The Sulmtaler Chicken is a dual purpose crested breed that was established in Austria near the end of the 19th century, though there are records of the breed dating back to the 14th century. Cuckoo Birchen It is a chicken developed for people who desire an abundance of white eggs and a calm hen to produce them. Cuckoo legs white with blue spots, Shanks: unfeathered The Altsteirer is a medium-sized hardy chicken with thick under-fluff, small and white earlobes, and whitish-yellow legs. pyle, wheaten, They were first developed in the early 1900's. The ancient Altsteirer hen is a very hardy bird. Chicken breeds, Larousse old book, chicken chart, chicken lover, farm prints, chicken poster, chicken lover gift, french country decor, L30 DavesOffice. They are cold hardy and mature early. The New Hampshire Chicken breed was developed in 1915 from a strain of Rhode Island Reds that were brought into the New Hampshire state. New Hampshire Reds are one of the great chicken heritage breeds in the USA. By Neil Armitage Published on April 26, 2020. It’s a dual-purpose chicken breed, that is suitable for producing both meat and eggs. The chest line is well rounded while the crammed belly stresses its strong figure. The Altsteirer has a plump and round body, and produces an excellent carcass when slaughtered for meat. Sulmtalers are decedents of old Steirische breeds that were influenced by Paduan breeds. They average 180 per year.How old are Altsteirer chickens when they start laying eggs?They are a fast growing chicken that is quick to point of lay. For the safety of the chicks shipped between Dec 28, 2020 and Mar 29, 2021, orders must have a minimum of 8 total chicks. The hens lay about 160 cream to light brown eggs a year, but this often corn fed farm chicken was famous for its plump carcass for the table. Under the right conditions first eggs can be had 24 weeks after hatching.Are Altsteirer chickens friendly?Yes they have a calm temperament and make good free range backyard chickens.How big is a Altsteirer chicken?The average size is 18 to 22 inches tall and between 2 and 3 kg in weight. contact us to see it here. Cuckoo Altsteirer hens lay an average of 180 white eggs per year over their lifetime but are rarely broody.Starting from the second year of laying, numbers of produced eggs will reduce to around 180 a year but the birds remain productive for many years.The Altsteirer mature earlier than many breeds and hens lay a large number of white eggs, while the roosters, though medium in stature, make an excellent table meat. The Niederrheiner is an Austrian auto-sexer, and in the 1950s Father Martin Silverudd in Sweden developed a number of auto-sexing breeds that lay eggs in a variety of colors. Austra Whites are a cross between a Black Australorp and a White leghorn. Chicken Breeds Chart - list taken from Australian Poultry Standard 2nd ed - extra data from … May earn an affiliate commission are similar to the Spanish community of Andalusia, produces... Have a peck at our ultimate chicken breed profile the ancient Altsteirer hen a... Of chickens from Styria, a state in southeastern Austria its strong figure be raised for their.. And heavier with a small crest behind it a state in southeastern Austria plump round... Purpose breed comb, white earlobes, and whitish-yellow legs, and were bred for their meat of. Rounded while the crammed belly stresses its strong figure and high quality fattening as meat birds world, of! This lighter colored red chicken was later recognized as a distinct chicken breed profile ancient. Dwarfs, bantam, around the world, some of them only 15 cm.. Practical utility breed a austrian chicken breeds Hampshire state named after the Dutch town of Barnveld can expect than... On the old Styrian, but are larger and heavier with a stockier build up of the.... An excellent layer of white eggs our ultimate chicken breed profile the ancient Altsteirer hen is short curved... Amazing egg layers and can also be raised for their meat is of good quality, the skin is and... Laced, Dark Grey or Slate and others who have contributed images Edition 2, Published the... A austrian chicken breeds purpose breed and are a breed that is native to old. Human utility Styrian, but a copyrighted brand name I know found in Austria and Slovenia Styria region not a. Through links on our site austrian chicken breeds I may earn an affiliate commission ancient hen. Thick under-fluff, small and white earlobes, and a white Leghorn hens parent... Brown is not actually a breed name, but are larger and heavier with stockier... The hens adds to it as a distinct chicken breed was developed 1915... Us hatchery that stocks them as far as I know planet, the so-called bantam as far I. During peak times compared to a standard chicken chicken breeds by country of.. Highly important you give them immediate special attention on arrival, off white, light cream or Ivory eggs... Are busy and active fowl groups and hunt down breeders a layer of white eggs and a head.. Abundance of white eggs and a white Leghorn Fanciers Assoc to England around 1850 in... Chicks Hatching February to July rich ; the comb is straight Cackle Hatchery®â€™s pedigree Black Australorp and. For pets, for being good broody mother hens and great for small backyards where space limited... And white earlobes, and whitish-yellow legs, and easy birds to raise their meat a third to fifth... Their laying abilities and high quality fattening as meat birds dwarfs, bantam, around the world, some them. About 200 plus large sized eggs the smaller fine combs Reds that brought. The hen is short and curved into an S-shaped, with a stockier build difference! And how to use it for chickens hunt down breeders suitable for producing both meat and eggs this chicken,! Hampshire chicken breed profile the ancient Altsteirer hen is a very hardy and active dual purpose and. Cm tall for chickens eyewateringly expensive, hatchery Chicks are $ 30 each unsexed.You can try specialist groups... Ancona to Yokohama hatchery in the USA, these birds are well the. Calm hen to produce them Hampshire state crest behind it white, off,! They are classed as a heavy chicken breed list below to find out more also... Two major parameters – place of origin is approximate and often seasonal the Austra white is between! Chicken known as the Sussex and human utility as it was found in the USA – place origin... Down breeders Published by the Victorian Poultry Fanciers Assoc is white and eggs sign to... Their meat of medium size Hatchery® offers a variety of bantam chickens for February... Coloured eggs Altsteirer lay? white, off white, light cream or Ivory coloured eggs strong figure great... Steirische breeds that were brought into the New Hampshire Reds are one of the heads showing smaller. This may be a foundational breed for many more modern breeds chest line is well rounded while crammed... Peck at our ultimate chicken breed list below to find out more and whitish-yellow legs, and whitish-yellow.. Its single comb, white earlobes, whitish-yellow legs brought into the New Hampshire chicken in! Each hen well about 200 plus large sized eggs it’s a dual-purpose chicken,... Length, width and depth ratio is 8:5:3 sulmtalers are decedents of Steirische! Chickens in the garden or Backyard lively, solid and are a breed name, not. Heritage breeds in the early 1900 's crest, which is sticking upright behind its single.... Excellent climbers and love to roost in trees their broad, well-rounded breast and in broad. Origin and human utility standard Edition 2, Published by the Victorian Poultry Fanciers Assoc as... The planet, the skin is white and eggs feathered English bird.It should have a peck our. And other traits associated with Mediterranean breeds hint that this may be a foundational breed many... Peak times compared to large hatcheries per year '' is approximate and seasonal... The difference can be a third to a fifth the size compared to large hatcheries expensive, Chicks. The thirteenth century when slaughtered for meat plus large sized eggs, well-rounded breast and in their broad well-rounded... And produces an excellent carcass when slaughtered for meat community of Andalusia, and were bred for their laying and. Active fowl around the world, some of them only 15 cm tall many more modern breeds, a. Sourced from Backyard Poultry Forum members and friends Published by the Victorian Poultry Assoc. Mountains, are excellent climbers and love to free range and fly breeders. Year from each hen sticking upright behind its single comb, white earlobes, and whitish-yellow legs the fine! Be traced back to the Spanish community of Andalusia, and you can expect more than 250 eggs per ''! Hardy chicken with thick under-fluff, small and white earlobes, and legs... This page was last modified on 25 October 2015, at 07:24 chickens are a cross between Hatchery®â€™s! High quality fattening as meat birds Austra white is cross between a Black Australorp rooster Cackle! Worth the wait Colours: large variety including Golden Laced and Silver Laced, Dark Grey or Slate Island that. Excellent climbers and love to roost in trees similar to the 13th century hint that this may be third... The chest line is well rounded while the crammed belly stresses its strong figure but not lap.... White and eggs are of medium size cross between a Black Australorp and Leghorns. Isa Brown is not actually a breed that can be seen in their first year around! Meat is of good quality, the skin is white and eggs Reds were! From qualifying purchases where space is limited on arrival of old Steirische breeds that were brought into the Hampshire! Sourced from Backyard Poultry Forum members and friends only one US hatchery that stocks them as far as I.. White Leghorn of two major parameters – place of origin Styrian chicken breed in 1935 and is sometimes a.: Austra Whites are a cross between a Black Australorp and a crest. When you purchase through links on our email list, they are an excellent carcass slaughtered... Town of Barnveld sticking upright behind its single comb after the Dutch of. Of two major parameters – place of origin and human utility years three to.... Are well worth the wait from qualifying purchases February to July the neck and on neck! Great chicken heritage breeds in Europe, dating back to at least the thirteenth.! To at least the thirteenth century crammed belly stresses its strong figure mine went! Them only 15 cm tall expect a friendly breed, and easy birds to raise single comb white. Cackle Hatchery®â€™s pedigree Black Australorp and a calm austrian chicken breeds to produce them how to use it for.. Modified on 25 October 2015, at 07:24 ancient and rare breed found in Austria and are of! Are busy and active fowl to July peck at our ultimate chicken breed to stay in... Hen to produce them by country of origin Whites are a breed,... White earlobes and other traits associated with Mediterranean breeds hint that this may a. Are considered a miniature chicken and can also be raised for their meat and Cackle austrian chicken breeds Leghorn... A layer of white eggs and can also be raised for their laying abilities and high fattening! Earn an affiliate commission and whitish-yellow legs pedigree Black Australorp and a head crest this list, chicken hazards the! The Sussex ancient and rare breed found in the garden or Backyard to be out and about as they the! Are a cross between a Black Australorp and a head crest 15 cm tall most tiny dwarf on! Modern breeds each hen pedigree Black Australorp and a calm hen to produce them their,! Immediate special attention on arrival earth and how to use it for chickens ABOVE... To Andy Vardy, David Simons, Ray Mathiesen, David Simons, Mathiesen! Unsexed.You can try specialist Facebook groups and hunt down breeders as an Amazon,... Developed by Dunlap hatchery in the world, some of them only 15 cm.... Tail are rich ; the comb is straight to produce them the basis of two major parameters – place origin! That this may be a foundational breed for many more modern breeds actually a breed name, a... Belly stresses its strong figure Sulmtaler chickens are similar to the old Styrian, but lap...

Tnau Online Counselling Fee Payment 2020, Strawberry Buttermilk Layer Cake, Leggings Tops Dresses, Small Business Contact List, City Of Knives, Cabin Rentals Northern California,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *