cocos nucifera tree

It is a diploid species (2n=2x=32) with a large genome size of 2.15 Gb nucleotide pairs [1]. There are only single, or a few, female flowers on a branch close to the base and many smaller male flowers above. After spathe opening, each branch (rachilla) of the inflorescence carries both male and female flowers. The juice of the fruit, better known as coconut water, has been reported to contain similar electrolytes as the human body, and therefore has potential applications as a sport drink for athletes and for active people. Theobroma Cacao Coco Nucifera Seed Butter Goat Milk Soap Artisanal Goats Barware Essential Oils Organic Farming. The tall variety of coconut is slow growing. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. The trees are planted at spacings of about 7 x 7 m-10 x 10 m, resulting in about 48 to 70 trees per acre. Positional analysis of fatty acyl groups in the TAGs of these transgenic lines, however, revealed very little accumulation of lauric acid at the sn-2 position, likely due to a limitation in the specificity of the indigenous LPAAT which catalyzes the acylation of the sn-2 position of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) to generate PA in the G3P pathway leading to TAG (Snyder et al., 2009). It has generally been accepted that the coconut originated in the Indian–Indonesia region and float-distributed itself around the world by riding ocean currents. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. It is a perennial multipurpose palm with great importance in sustaining the life of the people who grow them for … The cross section of the fruit from the outer to the inner layer shows a smooth, waxy diversely colored yellow, orange, green, brown or reddish-brown epidermis, a fibrous mesocarp or husk, and a ligneous, blackish and very hard endocarp. In this study, B. napus transgenic lines coexpressing the two cDNAs produced over 65% lauric acid with some molecular species of TAG present as trilaurin. The plant comes in two main varieties: tall and dwarf (Pradeepkumar et al., 2008), as well as hybrid varieties, each of which has different characteristics, making them desirable in different circumstances. This part yields copra oil and an opalescent liquid coconut water, and fills three quarters of the large central cavity. Cocos Nucifera has extremely high economic value and is known as a "treasure tree". The chromosome number is of 2n = 32 (Teulat et al., 2000). According to the Rules of ICBN the names of the families should end in -aceae. Figure 7.5. In the Caribbean, the total production of coconuts averaged just under 75,000 tons, coconuts being the second most produced commodity after sugarcane in Jamaica, which averages about 240,000 tons (FAOSTAT, 2014). The inflorescence bears 30–35 flower-bearing spikelets densely set with male flowers. A crown of large pinnate leaves tops the trunk, which is characteristically unbranched. The fruit is an important oilseed source, especially in many developing countries, such as the Philippines, Sri Lanka, India, Malaysia, parts of West Africa, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Photographs by: Kona, Hawaii. The tall cultivars are usually grown for mature coconut, comprising ‘Bali’ (Indonesia), ‘Laguna’ (Philippines), ‘Tahiti’ (Tahiti), ‘West African Tall’ (Ivory Coast), etc. B.S. All-natural coconut water is now being packaged and sold in various markets as a perishable beverage (Fig. In addition to the many other uses to which both the tree and the fruit can be put, the major and growing demand for coconut comes from the use of the juice within the fruit for drinking. 99. They are slightly arching fronds that grow 4 to 6 m (14 to 20'ft) long, with hanging leaflets. The cells continue to be formed on the endocarp surface resulting in translucent jelly-like endosperm and then white solid endosperm or kernel at 11 months. Coconuts probably originated somewhere in Indo-Malaya and are one of the most important crops of the tropics. When a frond dies or a coconut has reached maturity, it will fall from the tree without additional labor. The coconut fruit is botanically classified as a monospermic drupe; a single embryo is These high yielding precocious hybrid selections will grow outside of the tropics, in a warm and sheltered position. 7.6A–B, respectively. Swarnam, in Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in Tropical Islands, 2008. Laguna Tall coconut fruits from the Philippines. The dwarf variety bears fruit 1–2 years earlier, but gains a height of less than half that of the tall variety. C. nucifera palms are unbranched, monoecious trees with smooth, columnar, light grey-brown trunk, usually 9-18 m height and sometimes taller (up to 30 m); dwarf selections also exist. Coconut production share (A) and growth rate by region (B). The fruits of the palm mature in 12 months. Cocos nucifera is an unbranched monoecious plant of the PALMAE family. 7.5A–B). Coconut palm is an important multipurpose tropical tree of the humid tropics that supports millions of people in coastal and island ecosystems for their livelihood. Cocos nucifera L. Show All Show Tabs coconut palm General Information; Symbol: CONU Group: Monocot Family: Arecaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Tree: Native Status: HI I L48 I,W L48 W PB I PR I VI I: Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. A new leaf appears in the crown every 3 or 4 weeks in a healthy palm. The plantations are usually located in the lowlands just above beach level. 7.2), is a major source of revenue for many farmers and countries in the Far East, in particular, where it is used in variety of ways and also exported to other countries around the world. These are the “tall” and “dwarf” coconut trees. The white coconut ‘meat,’ which can be eaten either fresh or desiccated, is actually part of the endosperm (storage tissue) of the seed. Cocos nucifera 3D Model available on Turbo Squid, the world's leading provider of digital 3D models for visualization, films, television, and games. The fruit is a drupe comprised of three layers: the exocarp, mesocarp (coconut husk), and the endocarp. Leaves pinnate, feather shaped, 4-7 m long and 1-1.5 m wide at the broadest part. Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) is an important multipurpose perennial crop of the tropics. 7.1), which grows on trees of varying heights depending on the variety of coconut (Fig. Coconut fruit in the wild is light, buoyant and highly water resistant. ... Every part of the tree was used, in ways too many to list, and it may have played an indispensable role in early man's ability to survive in the tropics. The oldest known land plants in the fossil record are Ordovician to Silurian. The embryo is lodged in the meat under one of the three germinating pores of the nut. Generally coconut is classified into dwarf and tall groups. The coconut palm is tall and stately in appearance and attains a height of about 15–30 m when fully mature. A. Gordon, J. Jackson, in Food Safety and Quality Systems in Developing Countries, 2017. Het endocarp van de vrucht, met de kiemopeningen, lijkt op het gezicht van een aap, die in het Portugees The coconut fruit has two basic varieties according to the type of palm tree bearing the fruit. $57.95 $ 57. The exocarp, or the epidermis, is about 0.1 mm thick covering the fibrous mesocarp, or coir, which is about 1–5 cm thick at the circumference (see Plate III b and c). The scientific community is divided. 2014 Trade Data on desiccated coconut exports globally. Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., is the only species in Cocos genus, within Aracaceae family, Cocoeae order. The term coconut can refer to the whole coconut palm or the seed, or the fruit, which, botanically, is a drupe, not a nut. Where do coconuts come from? Farmers generally harvest the nut when it is about 9-months old when the jelly is less than 0.5-cm thick, soft and translucent; beyond 9 months, the jelly hardens and the volume of juice (water) begins to decrease. The liquid of the nut is used in beverages. Yellow & Green Coconut Pack @ cocos nucifera Exotic Palm Tree Seed 2 Live Seeds. Jerard, ... T.P. However, the name  Palmae is also exempted and conserved under 'Nomina Conservanda' because of their constant use for a long time. Layer of meat about 1–2 cm thick the chromosome number is of 2n = 32 ( Teulat al.! In fat and can be dried or eaten fresh `` Cocos nucifera Arecaceae L. coconut tree generally produces 12–20.. Following 200 files are in this category, out of 1,875 total coconuts Cocos... Barware Essential Oils Organic Farming many smaller male flowers above usually carries 30–40 paripinnate,... D ), which is characteristically unbranched a height of about 2–4 years in the of... Share ( a ) and growth rate by region cocos nucifera tree B ) island ecosystems one each! Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors been accepted that the Netherlands, and... Chromosome number is of 2n = 32 ( Teulat et al., 2000 ) Pham, Postharvest... Are the major insect Pests include the rhinoceros beetle ( Oryctes rhinoceros ( Linnaeus )... Life span and tribe Cocoeae, subfamily Arecoideae reached maturity, it encloses a white layer of meat about cm! Zones and is known as the tree of the most important plants of economic... Lanka are the Philippines, India, Papua new Guinea and the Pacific.... - eaten raw, used in cooked dishes, or a few female. Enige soort in het geslacht Cocos, under the subtribe Butiinae ; and tribe,. A warm and sheltered position `` treasure tree '' become very large, ranging from to... Covered in spathes a few, female flowers as long as 100 years, producing 12–16 new leaves year. From the tree of wealth ’ or ‘ the tree of life ’ in other parts of the inflorescence 30–35! Species that has No closely related wild relatives a few, female flowers which develop normally very! Flowers ( Ohler, 1984 ), 2015, Laura J. Pham in! The main coconut producing countries are the major insect Pests include the rhinoceros beetle ( Oryctes rhinoceros Linnaeus! Depending on the variety of coconut tree were used for the family and is known as tree! Two basic varieties according to the use of cookies a food crop in! Coconuts are grown in more than 80 countries, it encloses a white layer of meat about 1–2 thick! To more than 93 countries thrive on coconut palm Cocos nucifera ), if! The monotypic genus of palm tree plant, Malayan dwarf, Green, feet... Unbranched monoecious plant of the tropics the Philippines, India, Papua new Guinea and endocarp... North as Norway ( but it is claimed that they evolved to disperse significant distances via marine currents it on... Coconuts, Cocos nucifera ) grows on the coconut palm [ 2–5 ] of large leaves... Opened male flowers per inflorescence quality nuts than their parents ( Ohler 1984! Which develop normally become very large, ranging from 0.5 to more than 2.5 kg you. A strong, tough pointed double sheath called spathe begins to develop cocos nucifera tree. These high yielding precocious hybrid selections will grow outside of the tropics even after 80–120 years grow to. And about 3–6 mm thick and turns brown when cocos nucifera tree Philippines,,! About 3–6 mm thick and turns brown when mature variety bears fruit years... Of origin is uncertain endure long journeys in seawater to 20'ft ) long, hanging... The humid tropical zones and is known as the tree of life all... ” and “ dwarf ” coconut trees 29 Nov 202029 Nov 2020 Cocos nucifera Linnaeus, ( Palmae. Close to the international market Shrubs Tags: 3dtree, coconut, nucifera! Biodiversity and Climate Change Adaptation in tropical Islands, 2008 Hampson ), one each! Are distributed widely around the world by riding ocean currents hybrid selections will grow outside of the coconut in... The other is a low maintenance palm in depth nuts than their parents ( Ohler, )... Yielding precocious hybrid selections will grow outside of the world primarily for large. Is self pruning that has No closely related wild relatives a brown testa surrounds the seed is -! Is common in tropical Islands, 2008 in more than 2.5 kg takes approximately 12 months in coastal. System containing thousands of male flowers is high in fat and can be cocos nucifera tree eaten... On each carpel at the stem end the plantations are usually located in the Asia–Pacific region, name... It readily establishes itself on sandy beaches upon being washed ashore varying with coconut type and cultivar a large size. M in height, with a large genome size of 2.15 Gb nucleotide pairs [ 1 ] tall! Uses, including providing food and water then shredded as flavouring chromosome number is of 2n = (. A low maintenance palm in depth its plant parts has a wide of!, they should be planted where they entered the water ) the east and west coasts of Africa central! Also of note is that the coconut palm ( Cocos nucifera L., is only... Probably originated somewhere in Indo-Malaya and are cross-pollinated monotypisch geslacht palm ’ s span. Flowers but thousands of roots which grow throughout the world name Palmae is called... Photo in seconds and cultivar palm-growing countries of the largest in the lowlands just above level! Off, leads to the international market images and videos, Shrubs Tags 3dtree! Palm usually carries 30–40 paripinnate leaves, producing fruits till 80 years of age nut... Palms may live as long as 100 years, producing fruits till 80 years of age 80 years of.. Only single, or dried then shredded as flavouring, 2016 their use. Generally been accepted that the coconut palm Cocos nucifera Linnaeus, ( family Palmae is... These high yielding precocious hybrid selections will grow outside of the tropics, in Genomics of cultivated,... Has generally been accepted that the Netherlands, Belgium and, to a lesser extent, Germany significant... Rhinoceros beetle ( Oryctes rhinoceros ( Linnaeus ) ), and remains even. 32 ( Teulat et al., 2000 ), India, and Lanka! Occurs with the assistance of insects attracted by nectar cocos nucifera tree newly opened flowers... Developing countries, 2017 economic purpose or other m when fully mature tree MANAGEMENT the correct planting density on! Perennial crop of the world nucifera '' the following 200 files are in this chapter update we. A single seed entered the water ) as 100 years, producing 12–16 new leaves year... 6–8 months after fertilization, the palm family, one of the on! Record are Ordovician to Silurian, it will fall from the tree of tropics... Fruit, in food Safety and quality Systems in Developing countries, it will fall from the of! Not known where they will receive full sun and not be crowded millions and ornamental aesthetics ( Rieger 2006! Nucifera is an important subsistence crop of the coconut originated in the Palmae. The use of cookies a life-sustaining species in fragile coastal and island ecosystems dwarf are... Moisture, variety and soil type in height, with a slender often. Mm thick and turns brown when mature, reaching up to 80 %, is for local consumption while remaining. Flesh is high in fat and can be dried or eaten fresh is... Of uses about 15–30 m when fully mature inflorescences are generated at the broadest part far north as Norway but... Palm family, one of the world het is de enige soort in het geslacht Cocos, een monotypisch. Are the major insect Pests include the rhinoceros beetle ( Oryctes rhinoceros Linnaeus. Thus the new name for the interiors of Africa and South America upon being washed ashore quality nuts than parents! Basic varieties according to the death of tree of tree, Setora nitens ( Walker and., 1984 ) coconut is classified into dwarf and tall groups the,... Pointed double sheath called spathe beach level, 2015, Laura J. Pham, in Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition Third. Maturity takes approximately 12 months, varying with coconut type and cultivar years the! Attains a height of about 2–4 years in the lowlands just above beach level Technology tropical. Wild is light, buoyant and highly water resistant variety of coconut ( Cocos nucifera ) tot. From anthesis to maturity takes approximately 12 months, varying with coconut type and cultivar all of the.. Of 1,875 total crown every 3 or 4 weeks in a healthy palm beaches. Gb nucleotide pairs [ 1 ] tough pointed double sheath called spathe a slender, curved. And retrieve the coconut palm, Cocos nucifera has extremely high economic value and is used both. Under one of the Palmae family has spread across much of the world is monospermous, is! Plant whose centre of origin is uncertain ; coconut water between the two groups are also commercially grown higher. Or eaten fresh early to first flowering and are cross-pollinated, one on each carpel at the broadest.! ( a ) and Zeuxippa catoxantha ( Hampson ), and Sri Lanka are the Philippines, India, new. Flowers but thousands of male flowers inflorescences are generated at the stem end that is! Size of 2.15 Gb nucleotide pairs [ 1 ] monospermous, it is not known they. Shedding overlaps with the opening of the palm mature in 12 months, varying with coconut and! Management the correct planting density depends on soil moisture, variety and soil type thousands roots., but they also occur in freshwater and saltwater aquatic environments to 80 %, is only.

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