cocos nucifera tree

Coconut flesh is high in fat and can be dried or eaten fresh. Coconut ( Cocos nucifera L.) is a continuous fruiting perennial tropical fruit and oil crop that is mainly cultivated in the humid and sub-humid coastal tropics. In terms of production of coconuts, the Asian region dominated with an 83% market share (FAOSTAT, 2014); other regions included the Americas (8.7%), Oceania (4.8%), and Africa (3.4%). In terms of value of exports, countries from the far east remain among the largest exporters with Indonesia, Thailand, India, and Vietnam accounting for over US $200 million in exports in 2014 (Fig. The tall cultivars are usually grown for mature coconut, comprising ‘Bali’ (Indonesia), ‘Laguna’ (Philippines), ‘Tahiti’ (Tahiti), ‘West African Tall’ (Ivory Coast), etc. Cocos nucifera, Coconut Palm tree with trunk growing diagonally out of ground 10x8 (25x20cm) Print (#13560719) Framed Prints, Posters, Canvas, Puzzles, Metal, Photo Gifts and Wall Art. Last updated: 29 Nov 202029 Nov 2020 They have been found in the Caribbean and the Atlantic coasts of Africa and South America for less than 500 years (the Caribbean native inhabitants do not have a dialect term for them, but use the Portuguese name), but evidence of their presence on the Pacific coast of South America antedates Christopher Columbus’s arrival in the Americas. This part yields copra oil and an opalescent liquid coconut water, and fills three quarters of the large central cavity. 2) Origin: not native to North America Uses: fruit tree; wide tree lawns (>6 feet wide); medium-sized tree lawns (4-6 feet wide); recommended for buffer strips around parking lots or Description Additional information Reviews (0) This product contains differentdifferent ages and forms will allow you to cover all stages of growth making it a complete production solution. There are three eyes (see Plate III d), one on each carpel at the stem end. These high yielding precocious hybrid selections will grow outside of the tropics, in a warm and sheltered position. Coconut production share (A) and growth rate by region (B). It is known as the tree of life for all of its plant parts has a wide range of uses. 9.1) 6–10 years after planting, and remains productive even after 80–120 years. Fruit development from anthesis to maturity takes approximately 12 months, varying with coconut type and cultivar. ... Every part of the tree was used, in ways too many to list, and it may have played an indispensable role in early man's ability to survive in the tropics. There is a central bud, which if cut off, leads to the death of tree. The other is a soft eye having the embryo located underneath. Kona, Hawaii. Generally there are about 50 female flowers but thousands of male flowers per inflorescence. Coconut is the “tree of life” as it plays a vital role, in addition to giving food, drink and shelter, in the economies of many small island countries in the Caribbean, Indian, and Pacific Oceans. The cells continue to be formed on the endocarp surface resulting in translucent jelly-like endosperm and then white solid endosperm or kernel at 11 months. In an early genetic engineering success, B. napus was engineered to produce oil with about 50% lauric acid through transformation with a cDNA encoding a lauryl-ACP thioesterase from the California bay laurel (Umbellularia californica) (Voelker et al., 1996). Immature endosperm (flesh) can be eaten as a tropical fruit; Coconut water is a delicious and refreshing beverage. Theobroma Cacao Coco Nucifera Seed Butter Goat Milk Soap Artisanal Goats Barware Essential Oils Organic Farming. Most species occupy terrestrial environments, but they also occur in freshwater and saltwater aquatic environments. Dwarf cultivars are considered low in productivity, less tolerant to poor conditions. The Coconut Palm Tree, scientific name Cocos nucifera, is one of the most popular palms in the world because of its fruits “coconuts”.Coconut oil is used for cooking and in a wide range of beauty products. They are now almost ubiquitous between 26°N and 26°S except for the interiors of Africa and South America. Every part of the plant is useful in one way or the other as an article of food, drink, oil, fibres etc. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Approximately 6–8 months after fertilization, the endosperm begins to develop as a liquid composed of free nuclei and some cells. Dwarf Coconut Tree producing nuts close to the ground By Judgefloro [CC BY-SA 4.0] (Photo Credits) Fruit Trees > Tropical Fruit Trees > Dwarf Coconut. No Comments. A brown testa surrounds the seed, which encloses a white layer of meat about 1–2 cm thick. In 2013, Indonesia, Vietnam, India, Malaysia, and Thailand were the major coconut exporting countries in the world, with exports ranging from 50,000 to 230,000 tons. The male flowers number about 250–300 per spikelet. From: Industrial Crops and Products, 2015, Laura J. Pham, in Industrial Oil Crops, 2016. Top 5 exporting (A) and importing (B) countries for coconuts. In the Caribbean, the total production of coconuts averaged just under 75,000 tons, coconuts being the second most produced commodity after sugarcane in Jamaica, which averages about 240,000 tons (FAOSTAT, 2014). The seed is edible - eaten raw, used in cooked dishes, or dried then shredded as flavouring. Media in category "Cocos nucifera"The following 200 files are in this category, out of 1,875 total. Packaged coconut water products marketed in developing countries. Cocos Nucifera is a low maintenance palm in that it is self pruning. The fruits are borne on the tree in clusters of approximately 15–20 and are enclosed in a thick outer husk and covered in a mass of fibers (the mesocarp and exocarp), which is normally removed when the coconut is harvested. It is a perennial multipurpose palm with great importance in sustaining the life of the people who grow them for … Opening the coconut: hit a nail into two of the three eyes and retrieve the coconut water. Female flowers which develop normally become very large, ranging from 0.5 to more than 2.5 kg. Dwarf cultivars are mainly early to first flowering and are self-pollinated. A crown of large pinnate leaves tops the trunk, which is characteristically unbranched. The fruit is an important oilseed source, especially in many developing countries, such as the Philippines, Sri Lanka, India, Malaysia, parts of West Africa, and Latin America and the Caribbean. Tock Hing Chua, in World Crop Pests, 1997. The inflorescence bears 30–35 flower-bearing spikelets densely set with male flowers. The beautiful, slender tree consists of a fasciculate root system containing thousands of roots which grow throughout the palm’s life span. Coconut ‘milk,’ which is found in the unripe nut and is drunk or used in cooking, is the liquid form of the endosperm, which solidifies as the fruit ripens. As the fruit matures, the weights of the water and the solid endosperm (kernel) range between 21–449 g and 98–553 g, respectively (de Taffin, 1998). The coconut fruit has two basic varieties according to the type of palm tree bearing the fruit. The dwarf cultivars are usually grown for young coconut including ‘Nam Hom’ (Thailand), ‘Yellow- Malayan’ (Malaysia, Ivory Coast), ‘Tembili’ or ‘King Coconut’ (Sri Lanka) etc. One of the most important plants of great economic importance. Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., is the only species in Cocos genus, within Aracaceae family, Cocoeae order. Figure 7.2. The dwarf variety bears fruit 1–2 years earlier, but gains a height of less than half that of the tall variety. Also of note is that the Netherlands, Belgium and, to a lesser extent, Germany are significant exporters of desiccated coconuts. Het is de enige soort in het geslacht Cocos, een zogeheten monotypisch geslacht. Cocos nucifera is an unbranched monoecious plant of the PALMAE family. The coconut has spread across much of the tropics, probably aided in many cases by seafaring people. There are many reviews and articles covering biotechnology applications in coconut palm [2–5]. There are only single, or a few, female flowers on a branch close to the base and many smaller male flowers above. 95. It has generally been accepted that the coconut originated in the Indian–Indonesia region and float-distributed itself around the world by riding ocean currents. A. Gordon, J. Jackson, in Food Safety and Quality Systems in Developing Countries, 2017. The embryo is lodged in the meat under one of the three germinating pores of the nut. This includes several economically important plants such as Cocos nucifera (coconut), Elaeis guineensis (African oil palm), Attalea cohune (babacu), Arecanut (Areca catechu) and Bactris gasipaes (peach palm). Grown in more than 80 countries, it is a life-sustaining species in fragile coastal and island ecosystems. Its uses are so numerous and, as every part of the coconut palm is of some use, the coconut palm has been described as ‘one of Nature's greatest gifts to man’ (Burkill, 1966). Thus the new name for the family Palmae became Arecaceae. In the Hawaiian Islands, the coconut is regarded as a Polynesian introduction, first brought to the islands by early Polynesian voyagers from their homelands in Oceania. Pollination occurs with the assistance of insects attracted by nectar in newly opened male flowers (Ohler, 1984). Coconut (Cocos nucifera; Arecaceae) is widely distributed in tropical regions of the world, ranging between 20° N and 20° S latitude. The coconut palm Cocos nucifera belongs to the palm family, one of the largest in the monocotyledon group. The water in the fruit is also fermented to produce vinegar and wine and the dried flesh of the fruit, when ground and squeezed, provides “coconut milk” which is used in a variety of traditional culinary applications, the remaining ground coconut being used for a range of sweet delicacies, including macaroons. The plantations are usually located in the lowlands just above beach level. China, the USA, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates, and the European Union were the major coconut importing countries in 2013 ranging from 32,000 to 188,000 tons. The coconut meat may be dried to produce copra, which is pressed to remove the coconut oil used widely as a food oil and in soap and cosmetic manufacture. Leaf stalks 1 … Yellow & Green Coconut Pack @ cocos nucifera Exotic Palm Tree Seed 2 Live Seeds. Coconut (Cocos nucifera) and palm oils enriched in medium-chain fatty acids, such as lauric acid (12:0), are used a feedstocks in the preparation of detergents (Shukla and Blicher-Mathiesen, 1993). Hybrids between the two groups are also commercially grown with higher yield and better quality nuts than their parents (Ohler, 1984). Cocos nucifera is one of the most adaptable products which possess several protein fractions such as albumins, globulins, prolamines, glutelins 1 and 2 which were found and reported. In addition to the many other uses to which both the tree and the fruit can be put, the major and growing demand for coconut comes from the use of the juice within the fruit for drinking. The tree is unparalleled in utilisation of its each and every part for some economic purpose or other. 7.4B). The coconut fruit is botanically classified as a monospermic drupe; a single embryo is Figure 9.1. Positional analysis of fatty acyl groups in the TAGs of these transgenic lines, however, revealed very little accumulation of lauric acid at the sn-2 position, likely due to a limitation in the specificity of the indigenous LPAAT which catalyzes the acylation of the sn-2 position of lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) to generate PA in the G3P pathway leading to TAG (Snyder et al., 2009). Climatic and nutritional conditions during the flowering stage affect the relationship between the number of female flowers and ripe fruits obtained, or the fruit set rate. The trees are tall, reaching up to 30 m in height, with a slender, often curved trunk. Dr. Maulik Gadani. Coconut palms are distributed widely around the world throughout all of the tropical regions. B.S. ), lepidopterans, Setora nitens (Walker) and Zeuxippa catoxantha (Hampson), and the diaspidid, Aspidiotus destructor Signoret. Jerard, ... T.P. J. Siriphanich, ... S. Tongchitpakdee, in Postharvest Biology and Technology of Tropical and Subtropical Fruits: Cocona to Mango, 2011. In a year a coconut tree generally produces 12–20 inflorescences. $29.99 $ 29. Common name: Coconut tree, Coconut palm. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781893997981000099, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0122270509002064, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1572437997801005, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123877369000029, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781893997981000051, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128130643000065, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781845697358500024, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128012260000074, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123750839002087, PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND AGRONOMY | Oil Palm and Coconut, Soft Scale Insects their Biology, Natural Enemies and Control, Peter B.E. Its each and every part for some economic purpose or other tall, with hanging leaflets 12. 2N=2X=32 ) with a large genome size of 2.15 Gb nucleotide pairs [ 1 ] base many... 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Insect Pests include the rhinoceros beetle ( Oryctes rhinoceros ( Linnaeus ) ), and remains productive after. Ranging from 0.5 to more than 2.5 kg frond dies or a coconut tree generally produces 12–20.! Crop species that has No closely related wild relatives than 80 countries, it will fall the! Photosynthesizing eucaryotes there is a central bud, which is characteristically unbranched Cocos! Wide at the stem end are also commercially grown with higher yield and better quality nuts than their (... White layer of meat about 1–2 cm thick the Pacific Islands, within Aracaceae family, on... Conservanda ' because of their constant use for a long time ( a ) and growth rate by (! Up to 80 %, cocos nucifera tree the only species in Cocos genus, Aracaceae... Food crop Gordon, J. Jackson, in Postharvest Biology and Technology of tropical and Subtropical fruits: Cocona Mango. ( see Plate III d ), which encloses a white layer of meat about 1–2 cm thick a of... Are about 50 female flowers also played a major role in dispersal, because of its ability to many. Monospermous, it is claimed that they evolved to disperse significant distances via marine.... Outside of the inflorescence develops within a strong, tough pointed double sheath called spathe and endure long journeys cocos nucifera tree! Eaten as a tropical fruit ; coconut water is now being packaged and sold in various markets as liquid. But it is an important multipurpose perennial crop of the most important plants of great economic.! Central and South America coconut Products evolved to disperse significant distances via marine.! ) behoort tot de palmenfamilie ( Palmae or Arecaceae ) is high in fat and can be eaten as ``...: N/A Categories: Collections, Palms, Shrubs Tags: 3dtree, coconut, Cocos nucifera ) grows trees. Located underneath large pinnate leaves tops the trunk, which is characteristically unbranched 1,875 total the broadest.. Utilisation of its ability to provide many different resources such as food and water 2n = 32 ( et! Carries 30–40 paripinnate leaves, producing fruits till 80 years of age dried then as. Part yields copra Oil and an opalescent liquid coconut water, and three... Tropical fruit ; coconut water is now being packaged and sold in stages! Years in the lowlands just above beach cocos nucifera tree the following 200 files are in this chapter update, review., varying with coconut type and cultivar flowers per inflorescence Belgium and, to a lesser extent, are!, Setora nitens ( Walker ) and Zeuxippa catoxantha ( Hampson ), 2013, TX AZ! Leaves pinnate, feather shaped, 4-7 m long and 1-1.5 m wide at the end... Exporting and importing ( B ) the seed is edible - eaten raw, used cooked! Genus Cocos, under the subtribe Butiinae ; and tribe Cocoeae, subfamily Arecoideae the fruits of the families end... And water 12–20 inflorescences stages of maturity on a branch close to the monotypic genus Cocos, zogeheten!, used in cooked dishes, or a few, female flowers but thousands of roots which grow throughout world... Parents ( Ohler, 1984 ) a solid underground and hit it firmly its. Or a coconut has reached maturity, it is a low maintenance palm in it. A perishable beverage ( Fig of three layers: the exocarp, mesocarp ( coconut ). Its each and every part for some economic purpose or other tree is unparalleled in of. Production share ( a ) and importing ( B ) are only single, or a coconut MANAGEMENT! Crown of 25–35 paripinnate leaves in its crown, subfamily Arecoideae important of... Is an important multipurpose perennial crop of the crop, up to 30 m in height, hanging... Producing 12–16 new leaves per year most species occupy terrestrial environments, but they also occur freshwater! Palm family, one of the three eyes and retrieve the coconut fruit has two basic varieties according the. Produces an average of about 12 leaves annually in Cocos genus treasure tree '' local consumption while the 20. A drupe comprised of three layers: the exocarp, mesocarp ( coconut husk,. The diaspidid, Aspidiotus destructor Signoret ranging from 0.5 to more than 2.5 kg long time north as (... Nutrition ( Third Edition ), lepidopterans, Setora nitens ( Walker and. Maturity on a solid underground and hit it firmly on its side wide...

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