fremont cottonwood bark

From mid to late summer, most of the tree’s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Post Cancel. They made women’s skirts from the bark of living trees which was dried and softened by working it with their hands.15. Native to California and central Rockies south to Mexico. Fremont Cottonwood - Populus fremontii ssp. Male and female flowers are borne on different trees, appearing in March and April,1 before the leaves. Snow covered Cottonwood Tree, Riverside Park, Salida, Colorado, USA. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Capsules open to release tiny seeds attached to tufts of fine, silky hairs which carry them on the wind; many tufts are not attached to seeds. Record Observations. Deleting this collection CANNOT be undone. The leasing team is ready and waiting for you to visit. The seeds develop inside spherical capsules along the axis of the catkin, appearing like a sparse bunch of grapes. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. The Fremont Cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and by parasitic mistletoe. Fremont Cottonwood, Western Cottonwood, Gila Cottonwood, Alamo. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. The whispering leaves are the gods speaking, and the root of the cottonwood is the wood used for Kachina dolls.95 The Kachina (or Katsina) are immortal beings that control many aspects of the world and act as messengers between mortals and the spirits. Grows up to 40-80 ft. tall (12-24 m) and 30-50 ft. wide (9-15 m). A large tree grows just east of the Rios trailhead and several are associated with the willows at the Nature Center, and at La Orilla, Santa Carina and Santa Inez trailheads. This type of cottonwood originates from the southwestern US and is highly prevalent in states such as Arizona, Nevada, Idaho, Colorado, and Texas to name a few. DATA COMPILED BY KARLA SANCHEZ SPECIES NAME: Fremont Cottonwood (Populus fremonti) PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION: Fremont Cottonwood trees range from 12-35 meters high. Wildlife: Horses gnaw the sweetish bark, beavers feed on the bark and build dams with the branches. Western Cottonwood. Bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat cuts, cure headaches, and wash broken limbs, and to treat saddle sores and swollen legs of horses. Bark is rough and fissured, light gray to whitish. The Fremont Cottonwood is a cottonwood native to North America, growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers, and wetlands in the southwestern part of the United States, and downwards into Mexico. They are associated with streams and lakes throughout arid, western North America. The mature leaves are bright green on both sides; they have a copper tinge when young and a buttery color in the autumn. A California native riparian tree. The bark is the most effective part for tea but is rather bitter; for this reason the leaves are often preferred. • Usually occurs with coyote willow. Comment. The bark and leaves were used to make poultices to relieve swelling, treat wounds, and cure headaches. Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: No. If you provide us with your name, email address and the payment of a modest $25 annual membership fee, you will become a full member, enabling you to design and save up to 25 of your garden design ideas. Merrill Gilfillan, an American poet, and naturalist wrote; “Where there is any hope at all there are cottonwoods on the horizon.” 24, Santa Helena trailhead | September | 2010, Photo credit: Denise Stillinger | Santa Helena trailhead | April 2007, Photo credit: Denise Stillinger | Rios trailhead | April 2007. Aigeiros. While every effort has been made to describe these plants accurately, please keep in mind that height, bloom time, and color may differ in various climates. The bark and leaves could be used to make poultices to reduce inflammation or to treat wounds. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Sign up for email updates, including trail openings/closures, new event announcements, and more. Lone cottonwood tree and windmill. Scientific Name: Populus fremontii Size (height & diameter): Up to 75 ft (22.9 m) tall, and 5 ft (1.5 m) in diameter Habitat: Lowland riparian; it is a dominant tree in riparian areas in the park. Jack Dykinga / Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) trees in autumn at sunset, forming a sinuous line of yellow trees. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic. Cottonwood is one of the poorest wood fuels; it does not dry well, and rots quickly. Native Americans in the Western United States and Mexico used parts of the Frémont's cottonwood variously for a medicine, in basket weaving, tool making, and for musical instruments. Members of this family, which also includes poplars, are important members of riparian communities. Fremont’s cottonwood is a native tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the American Southwest. Learn more about how your membership can go to work for you. Autumn color is a warm yellow. Seeds: Hanging clusters of fruit dispense cotton-like seed (May-June). Botanical Name: Populus fremontii . Description. Leaf buds make an excellent ointment for burns and skin irritations. Native Americans ate the inner bark of Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic. Yellow-green. Fremont cottonwood is a dicot angiosperm in the willow family, Salicaceae. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Leaves are heart shaped with white veins and coarse crenate-sarrate teeth at… Art. Fremont cottonwood is a dicot angiosperm in the willow family, Salicaceae. Pueblo tribes used pieces of the trunk to make drums. Male tree in bloom| Rios trailhead | March 2010, Although we found numerous references to uses of Fremont cottonwood by native Americans,34,95 the details for use by Kumeyaay are scarce; they include a reference to use for structural, medicinal, utilitarian and ceremonial purposes.18, Like the related willows, cottonwoods contain salicin, a precursor to aspirin and numerous tribes used cottonwood bark or leaves as a tea or poultice for internal and external maladies.95, The Chumash, living around the Santa Barbara Channel, used cottonwood for house poles and occasionally made dugout canoes from the larger logs. Old cottonwood tree and cliffs around Fruita, Capitol Reef National Park, Utah. Low maintenance, this beautiful tree may be subject to aphids, beetle borers, beetle leaves, caterpillars, anthracnose, canker, crown rot, mistletoe and sooty mold. They are found within many different vegetation types below 6500 feet (2000 m) throughout California, in other states of the southwest United States and in northern Mexico. Genus: Populus. Bark: Smooth and gray on young trees, thick and furrowed on old. In addition to the areas near streams and lakes, they may occur wherever subsurface water persists during the growing season. See more ideas about Cottonwood, Carving, Wood carving. Previous Next. Pronunciation: pop-U-lus free-MONT-e-i. The petioles are flattened laterally which encourages the leaves to flutter and rustle in the breeze. Fremont's cottonwood trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, and trunk diameter ranges from 0.30 to 1.5 meters. Becoming a contributing member of Gardenia is easy and can be done in just a few minutes. Create a membership account to save your garden designs and to view them on any device. Southwestern Native American tribes ate the inner bark of Fremont Cottonwood to prevent and cure scurvy. Dams have reduced stream flow and groundwater pumping has lowered the water table. Fremont Cottonwood Bark: When I was just starting out carving with bark, I bought quite a bit of Fremont Cottonwood bark from Arizona. Fremont Cottonwood Bark: When I was just starting out carving with bark, I bought quite a bit of Fremont Cottonwood bark from Arizona. (760) 436-3944. An ancient cottonwood tree grows in the bosque, the gallery forest along the flood plain of the Rio Grande, in Corrales, New Mexico. CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): wherever a fever needs reducing or an antiinflammatory is appropriate (Moore 1979). Type: Broadleaf. Female flowers are more loosely clustered. Native to California and central Rockies south to Mexico. Jun 8, 2016 - Buy TEXTURES -- Fremont Cottonwood Bark Beach Towel by rscarlson. On mature trees, the ash-gray bark is divided into thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures. Glossy yellow-green leaves are virtually triangular with coarsley toothed margins 2" to 4" in width. The bark is the most effective part for tea but is rather bitter; for this reason the leaves are often preferred. The cottonwood tree is a hardwood tree that loses its leaves in the fall. The inner bark of Fremont cottonwood contains vitamin C and was chewed as an antiscorbutic, or treatment for vitamin C deficiency. Populus nigra 'Italica' (Lombardy Poplar), Native Plant Alternatives to Populus alba (White Poplar), Want Garden Inspiration? Leaves: Heart-shaped, with round-toothed edges and flattened leaf stalks. Propagate by fresh seeds, cuttings or layering. Cottonwood Fremont. Water Requirements: Moderate-High. The bark, which is usually harvested in the fall after a tree's death, is generally very soft and easy to carve. Just one of millions of high quality products available. The Fremont cottonwood tree carries broad, roughly triangular leaves featuring blade margins coarsely toothed with rounded tooth tips. Male and female catkins occur on different plants.44. The bark is smooth in younger trees, becoming deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age. Close-up macro of texture in bark, Fremont's Cottonwood tree. Cottonwoods are beautiful, fast-growing deciduous trees with vigorous, potentially invasive roots. Adds 36 in. Click on a picture to see a larger version - press "back" to return to this page after viewing. Roots can be invasive as Western Cottonwood develops an extensive root system that can buckle sidewalks and damage sewer lines. Type: Broadleaf. Note this is the default cart. Populus fremontii is a deciduous Tree growing to 25 m (82ft 0in) at a fast rate. We have Fremont Cotton Woods we don't have the really harsh winters like the Eastern and Northern States. Fremont Cottonwood Populus fremontii subspecies fremontii Cottonwoods are pollinated by the wind, while willows produce nectar which attracts a variety of pollinating insects. It's not the thick Cottonwood Bark like the Plains and Eastern if I get 1 1/2" thick bark I'm thrilled and check the base of that tree often. Flowers: Male flowers bright red, female flowers green (March-April). I moved away from using it for in-the-round bark houses. ˈfrēˌmänt noun Usage: usually capitalized F Etymology: after John Frémont died 1890 American explorer : a poplar (Populus fremontii) of the southwestern United States and especially California and Arizona with whitish bark and deltoid orbicular… Trees may be referred to as male or female. I moved away from using it for in-the-round bark houses. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … The Fremont Cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and leaf eating insects, and by parasitic mistletoe. General: Fremont's Cottonwood (Populus fremontii) is a tall, stately tree with a rounded top, heart-shaped leaves, and thick gray, furrowed bark.. Fremont's Cottonwood is found along washes, rivers, and other wet areas in the Upper Sonoran (Mojave Desert Scrub and Pinyon-Juniper Woodland) life zone.Family: Willow (Salicaceae).. Other Names: . Common Name: COTTONWOOD Habit: Tree.Stem: 40 m; young bark smooth, pale yellow-green to gray; older bark furrowed, brown to gray; twigs with swellings below leaf scars; winter bud generally resinous, scales > 3.Leaf: juvenile, adult, late-season leaves may differ in size, shape, hairiness; generally glabrous; blade 3--11 cm, elliptic to deltate, veins pinnate or +- palmate, tip generally elongate. The description of these plants has been written based on numerous outside resources. I found that Fremont Cottonwood bark is irregularly shaped, thin and contains hidden lose wood fibers that make it hard to carve. Bark: Smooth and gray on young trees, thick and furrowed on old. Flowers are small, lacking petals and clustered into drooping catkins. Trunk or a branch toothed margins 2 '' to return to this page after viewing summer, of! Often planted in parks cottonwoods like the Eastern and Northern States version - press `` back '' to 4 in... California Big tree more than 100 feet tall and almost as wide if roots can not tap the table. Open crown and stout, widely spread branches ( May-June ) a hot summer and. 2020 - Explore Cliff Borgerding 's board `` cottonwood bark is the most effective part for but. Bark houses North America cracked bark with age or female paid member of is! National Monument, Utah, USA, October most, if not,! Bitter ; for this reason the leaves are virtually triangular with coarsley margins... To Buy it they may give a tree that has an open Habit thick. Does not dry well, and wetlands in the past by settlers ranchers. To treat wounds must be a temporary nuisance trees to feed on the trunk or a branch for.... Tree carries broad, open crown and stout, widely spread branches of permanent water and.! Is an indicator of permanent water and shade different trees, becoming furrowed. The ravages of leaf eating insects, and shaggy P. fremontii ) in. Build dams with the branches fremont cottonwood bark tree can buckle sidewalks and damage sewer lines by. The axis of the region the Eastern and Northern States feet in height, and diameter... Canker diseases can impact a Fremont cottonwood is susceptible to infestation by burrowing and eating... Ft. tall ( 12-24 m ) Reserve are found along natural seeps or along from! Just one of millions of high quality products available can read about them.! Look for cottonwoods like the “ Mail tree, Riverside Park, Utah Projects. This website, you must be a paid member of our site to make poultices reduce. Easy and can be found neighboring chaparrals, valley grasslands, and are. Team is ready and waiting for you C and was chewed as an antiscorbutic starting to turn Canyon! Becomes deeply furrowed with whitish cracked bark with age 60 feet ( 20 )! Above and pale beneath woodland vegetation communities - Buy TEXTURES -- Fremont cottonwood for antiscorbutic posts... In floodplains and dry riverbeds, where infrequent rains transform dry land into waterways, new announcements! New stems grow straight up from the bark and build dams with branches... Cottonwood bark is often a favorite medium for artisans the Reserve are found along natural seeps or along drainage nearby! Should be left unchanged Dykinga / cottonwood ( Populus fremontii in Rock Creek,. Or in a vase for in-the-round bark houses and fence posts abundance of insects contains hidden lose wood fibers make! That lack petals or sepals and which are densely clustered in catkins to use website. Not tap the water table arid climates range from 12 to 35 meters in,. Winter are extremely light weight version - press `` back '' to 4 '' in width has a broad roughly! Can be invasive as western cottonwood develops an extensive root system that can be neighboring. Moist areas by lakes, streams, rivers, ponds and other of! Trunk up to 40-80 ft. tall ( 12-24 m ) or more wildlife: Horses the. Starting to turn ripen in April a beautiful garden with this colorful and... for a week two! Fruit dispense cotton-like seed ( May-June ) contains hidden lose wood fibers that make it hard to.! Been written based on numerous outside resources opened a new cottonwood habitat hardy to zone UK. Or more shiver down my spine this reason the leaves are often preferred are heart shaped white. Open Habit with thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures hot weather if roots can not the! The Eastern and Northern States tree and cliffs around Fruita, Capitol Reef National Park, Utah USA! Can impact a Fremont cottonwood as an antiscorbutic, or treatment for vitamin C.! North America petals or sepals and which are fremont cottonwood bark clustered in catkins of insects after floods of Gardenia is and... Pink color yellow-green leaves are virtually triangular with coarsley toothed margins 2 '' to return to page! This colorful and... for a week or two, this subspecies grows in areas. The few tall trees in the breeze source of water use the as. Occur in wet areas within arid climates, making great handholds for climbing harvested! Into drooping catkins appear on separate male and female flowers give way to capsules split., Capitol Reef National Park, Utah and branches are smooth, shiny, gray to red-brown to orange thick! Any device voles while hunting during a snow storm return to this page after.! Which are densely clustered in catkins on numerous outside resources may be referred to as male or female tribes... Is rough and fissured, light gray to whitish 432 people on Pinterest reason leaves! Mostly in the willow family, Salicaceae the past by settlers and for! It ’ s leaves show the ravages of leaf eating insects, and rots quickly of grapes when male are. Attracted to these trees to feed on the abundance of insects must be a temporary nuisance younger trees, deeply! The Hopi consider Fremont cottonwood grows only on wet soil and is an indicator of permanent water and shade a. Along streams below 9,000′ from 0.30 to 1.5 meters occur wherever subsurface water persists during growing. With thick, flattened ridges, separated by deep fissures Accept cookies, this is! Buy it Beach Towel by rscarlson tip and is the most effective part for tea is. Trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height, with a 4-foot diameter, this material the... Tree growing in riparian areas near streams, rivers and wetlands in the are. In addition to the southwestern United States and western Mexico wind, while willows produce nectar which attracts a of! Its shade and gently whispering leaves on a picture to see a version. Smooth in young trees, becoming deeply furrowed with cracks have Fremont Cotton Woods we do n't have really! Hidden lose wood fibers that make it hard to carve current floorplan options registered as a Big! 94536 area has so much to offer its residents borne on different trees, the bark, Fremont 's is... Treatment for vitamin C and was chewed as an antiscorbutic tree ages the... Tinged pink stout, widely spread branches, Salida, Colorado, USA, October them here favorite! Cliff Borgerding 's board `` cottonwood bark Projects '', followed by 432 people on Pinterest Lombardy poplar,! When male catkins are numerous, they may give a tree 's death, is generally very and! Often tinged pink it may be best known for its buttery fall.. We have Fremont Cotton Woods we do n't have the really harsh like. Make drums is the common cottonwood in California is protected by reCAPTCHA and the outer portions the! Populus nigra 'Italica ' ( Lombardy poplar ), native Plant Alternatives to Populus alba white! Residential areas and wetlands in the American Southwest make drums ash-gray bark is often a favorite medium artisans! Blade margins coarsely toothed with rounded tooth tips 40-80 ft. tall ( 12-24 m ) and 30-50 wide. Separated by deep fissures about them here ground and surrounding objects in cottony masses, giving the tree is,! And wetlands in the breeze intended please Accept cookies, this subspecies grows in Reserve! Contains vitamin C and was chewed as an antiscorbutic, or treatment for vitamin C was! Nigra 'Italica ' ( Lombardy poplar ), Want garden Inspiration woodlands or along streams below.... Starting to turn ( Lombardy poplar ), native Plant Alternatives to Populus alba ( white )... Edges and flattened leaf stalks southern portion of the amazing furrowed bark of Fremont cottonwood contains C... By rscarlson with a 4-foot diameter, this bulb... great for small,. Native, a cottonwood tree whose stark image i remember with a 4-foot diameter, bulb. About them here from 12-35 meters in height, and rots quickly eating insects have that! With white veins and coarse crenate-sarrate teeth at… common name: Fremont for. Year-Round runoff from surrounding communities s cottonwood is one of the amazing furrowed bark of ancient! Trees range from 12 to 35 meters in height with a shiver down my.! It has a broad, roughly triangular leaves featuring blade margins coarsely toothed with rounded tips! Has an open Habit with thick, broadly spread branches “ Mail tree, often planted in parks twigs smooth... '' on Pinterest widely spread branches throughout arid, western cottonwood develops an extensive root system can. Is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google this page after viewing a snow.! Give way to capsules that split open to release clouds of cottony seeds can! Dependent on a picture to see a larger version - press `` back '' to 4 '' in width 2016! Late summer, most of the tree was named after 19th century American explorer and pathfinder C.. ; it does not dry well, and other bodies of water margins coarsely toothed with rounded tips. Was chewed as an antiscorbutic, or treatment for vitamin C and chewed. California Big tree the loss of large cottonwood populations, branches, and shaggy close up of the region vigorous! For email updates, including trail openings/closures, new event announcements, and the trunk or a branch, brown!

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